This term is used in – 1. The government, who has the power to take up a private property for the public use (eminent domain)by proposing it to the owner against the compansation, which is usually not the market value of the property. They pass the resolution of public use of that property , prepares purchase order and proposes to the owner. If the owner does not agree, he gets fair chance to appeal against it. 2) It also refers to act of condemning or a judgement with proper proof and evidence to condemn one to act in certain manner or pay penalty etc.