n. a criminal law procedure which involves the calling of the defendant to the court, after charges are filed against him. It consists of three parts, viz, 1.) he is called upon by the court and his identity is established, 2.) the whole indicment is read, so as to enable him fully understand the nature of charges to be produced against him in the court, and 3.) his statement is seeked for – if he confesses the charge, a confession is recorded in the presence of the judge; but on the contrary, if he pleads not guilty, that plea is entered for him.